Các cụm từ chỉ mục đích và lý do như “so that” và “in order that” được sử dụng để chỉ ra mục đích của hành động trong câu.

**1. “So that”**

**Cấu trúc:**

**Câu chính + so that + mệnh đề chỉ mục đích**

**Công dụng:**

- “So that” được sử dụng để diễn tả mục đích của hành động trong câu chính. Nó thường đi kèm với động từ ở thì hiện tại hoặc thì quá khứ.

**Ví dụ:**

**I will leave early so that I can avoid the traffic.**- (Tôi sẽ rời đi sớm để tôi có thể tránh được giao thông.)

**She studied hard so that she could pass the exam.**- (Cô ấy học chăm chỉ để cô ấy có thể vượt qua kỳ thi.)

**Lưu ý:**

- “So that” có thể được thay thế bằng “so as to” hoặc “so as not to” trong một số trường hợp, nhưng “so that” là cách phổ biến hơn.

**2. “In order that”**

**Cấu trúc:**

**Câu chính + in order that + mệnh đề chỉ mục đích**

**Công dụng:**

- “In order that” được sử dụng để chỉ mục đích và thường xuất hiện trong các văn bản trang trọng hơn. Nó có thể được thay thế bằng “so that” mà không làm thay đổi ý nghĩa của câu.

**Ví dụ:**

**They left early in order that they might catch the first train.**- (Họ đã rời đi sớm để họ có thể bắt chuyến tàu đầu tiên.)

**He turned off the lights in order that the room would be darker.**- (Anh ấy tắt đèn để căn phòng sẽ tối hơn.)

**Lưu ý:**

- “In order that” có thể thay thế bằng “so that” trong hầu hết các tình huống, nhưng thường được dùng khi muốn tăng tính trang trọng hoặc rõ ràng của câu.

**Bài tập **

- She brought a flashlight __________ she could see in the dark.
- He left early __________ he wouldn’t miss the train.
- They increased the budget __________ they could afford better materials.
- We saved money __________ we could go on vacation.
- I wrote down the instructions __________ I wouldn’t forget them.
- She took extra courses __________ she could improve her skills.
- He closed the windows __________ the room would be cooler.
- They sent an invitation __________ everyone would know about the event.
- We added more details to the plan __________ it would be clearer.
- She practiced her speech __________ she would perform well at the conference.
- They took their time __________ they could enjoy the trip.
- He checked the weather forecast __________ he could prepare accordingly.
- I studied late into the night __________ I would pass the exam.
- They arrived early __________ they could get good seats.
- She brought snacks __________ the kids wouldn’t be hungry.
- He turned off the heater __________ the room wouldn’t be too warm.
- We made reservations __________ we would have a table at the restaurant.
- She explained the process __________ everyone would understand.
- They organized the event carefully __________ everything would go smoothly.
- He took a different route __________ he could avoid the traffic jam.
- We bought tickets in advance __________ we could attend the concert.
- She left a note __________ he would remember the appointment.
- They increased the lighting __________ the stage would be well-lit.
- He took an umbrella __________ he wouldn’t get wet in the rain.
- We completed the project early __________ we could meet the deadline.
- She made a checklist __________ she wouldn’t forget anything.
- He studied the manual __________ he could operate the equipment properly.
- They cleaned the house __________ it would be ready for the guests.
- I turned on the heater __________ the room would be warm.
- She worked overtime __________ she could finish the report on time.
- They brought a map __________ they wouldn’t get lost.
- He set a reminder __________ he wouldn’t miss the meeting.
- We bought extra supplies __________ we wouldn’t run out.
- She scheduled the meeting __________ everyone could attend.
- He saved a portion of his salary __________ he could buy a new car.
- They prepared a presentation __________ they could showcase their ideas.
- She turned down the volume __________ she wouldn’t disturb her neighbors.
- He wrote a detailed plan __________ the project would be successful.
- We tested the software __________ it would work without issues.
- She checked the ingredients __________ she could cook the dish correctly.
- He studied hard __________ he would pass the certification exam.
- They arranged the furniture __________ the room would be more comfortable.
- I asked for feedback __________ I could improve my performance.
- She brought a sweater __________ she wouldn’t feel cold.
- He set the alarm early __________ he would wake up on time.
- We arranged for a guide __________ we could learn more about the area.
- She completed the task early __________ she could help her colleagues.
- They installed new locks __________ the house would be secure.
- He made a budget __________ he could manage his expenses better.
- We took a break __________ we could rest and recharge.
- She brought a camera __________ she could take pictures of the event.
- He organized his files __________ he could find them easily.
- They provided additional training __________ the employees would be more skilled.
- I called ahead __________ they would reserve a table for us.
- She made sure to review her notes __________ she would be prepared for the exam.
- He planned the trip in detail __________ everything would go as expected.
- We installed extra lighting __________ the area would be brighter.
- She prepared a backup plan __________ she wouldn’t face problems.
- He checked the schedule __________ he wouldn’t miss his flight.
- They bought a new car __________ they could travel comfortably.
- She arranged for childcare __________ she could attend the meeting.
- He updated the software __________ it would have the latest features.
- We packed extra clothes __________ we would be ready for any weather.
- She scheduled regular meetings __________ the project would stay on track.
- They organized a fundraiser __________ they could support the charity.
- He filled out the form __________ he could apply for the loan.
- We followed the recipe __________ the dish would turn out well.
- She set goals __________ she could track her progress.
- They installed a security system __________ the building would be safe.
- He reviewed the documents __________ he wouldn’t make mistakes.
- We planned the event carefully __________ everything would be perfect.
- She bought a new phone __________ she could take better photos.
- He reserved a table __________ we could have dinner without waiting.
- They prepared a guide __________ the new employees would understand their tasks.
- I set aside time each day __________ I could practice my skills.
- She cleaned the house thoroughly __________ the guests would be comfortable.
- He checked the ingredients twice __________ the recipe would be successful.
- They adjusted the schedule __________ everyone could participate.
- She brought a notepad __________ she could jot down important information.
- He contacted the supplier early __________ we could receive the materials on time.
- We added more chairs __________ everyone would have a place to sit.
- She took a course __________ she could learn new techniques.
- He prepared a speech __________ he would be ready for the presentation.
- They installed new software __________ the system would run more efficiently.
- She arranged the meeting __________ all team members could attend.
- He set up a study group __________ everyone could prepare together.
- We bought a fan __________ the room would be cooler.
- She reviewed the guidelines __________ the project would meet the requirements.
- He wrote a summary __________ he could remember the main points.
- They planned the route __________ they would avoid traffic.
- She checked her calendar __________ she wouldn’t miss any appointments.
- He set up a savings account __________ he could save for future expenses.
- We organized a team-building activity __________ the staff would work better together.
- She filled out the application __________ she could apply for the job.
- He prepared a detailed budget __________ the project costs would be managed.
- They brought additional equipment __________ the event would run smoothly.
- She adjusted the lighting __________ the room would be well-lit for the photos.
- He scheduled a follow-up __________ we could discuss the progress.
- We bought extra batteries __________ the device wouldn’t run out of power.
- She provided instructions __________ the new system would be easy to use.

**Đáp án **

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